Biodiversity Connections

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Rainforest Wildlife in Singapore by Loy Xingwen

How many of these species have you seen? Here is a gorgeous graphic and accompanying text by Loy Xingwen on some of the species that can be found in our rainforests.


Our rainforests are home to a myriad of native flora and fauna, some found nowhere else the world. Here are 40 species that live in Singaporean rainforests. These include species from Bukit Timah nature reserve, the Central Catchment nature reserves (around MacRitchie, Lower and Upper Peirce, Upper Seletar reservoirs), Bukit Batok Nature Park and our numerous offshore islands, including Pulau Ubin and Pulau Tekong.

1 Common rose, Pachliopta aristolochiae
2 Red-crowned barbet, Psilopogon rafflesii
3 Staghorn fern, Platycerium coronarium
4 Wagler’s pit viper, Tropidolaemus wagleri
5 Rambutan, Nephelium lappaceum
6 Oriental pied hornbill, Anthracoceros albirostris
7 Colugo, Galeopterus variegatus
8 Black and gold cicada, Huechys fusca
9 Red hanguana, Hanguana rubinea
10 Leopard cat, Prionailurus bengalensis
11 Green crested lizard, Bronchocela cristatella
12 Clouded monitor, Varanus nebulosus
13 Sunda pangolin, Manis javanica
14 Tembusu, Cyrtophyllum fragrans
15 Powdery sulphur bolete, Pulveroboletus ravenelli
16 Giant forest scorpion, Heterometrus longimanus
17 Spiny hill turtle, Heosemys spinosa
18 Copper-cheeked frog, Hylarana labialis
19 Trilobite beetle, Platerodrilus ruficollis
20 Harlequin rasbora, Trigonostigma heteromorpha
21 White rot fungus, Lentinus sajor-caju
22 Long-horned orb-weaver, Macracantha arcuata
23 Yellow-footed polypore, Microporus xanthopus
24 Malayan horned frog, Megophrys nasuta
25 Singapore freshwater crab, Johora singaporensis
26 Petai, Parkia speciosa
27 Kelumpang burung, Sterculia parviflora
28 Giant forest ant, Camponotus gigas
29 Long-tailed macaque, Macaca fascicularis
30 Lesser mousedeer, Tragulus kanchil
31 Singapore walking stick palm, Rhopaloblaste singaporensis
32 Banded woodpecker, Chrysophlegma miniaceum
33 Bat lily, Tacca integrifolia
34 Bioluminescent fungi, Filoboletus manipularis
35 Seraya, Shorea curtisii
36 Tiger orchid, Grammatophyllum speciosum
37 Greater racket-tailed drongo, Dicrurus paradiseus
38 Trefoil horseshoe bat, Rhinolophus trifoliatus
39 Atlas moth, Attacus atlas
40 Singapore green tree snail, Amphidromous atricallosus temasek

Designed by Loy Xingwen. With special thanks to Yeo Wei Liang Jeremy and Ming Jie Loh.

Born and raised in Singapore, Loy is a plant ecologist by profession and an artist by choice. Jeremy loves exploring Singapore's natural areas, and is a biologist and avid nature photographer. Ming Jie is a practising arborist. Together, they hope to help raise public awareness and appreciation for Singapore's rich biodiversity. They are working on making to make posters available for purchase so watch this space for more updates.

In the meantime, if you like their art, help them by sharing this graphic on Facebook, Instagram etc!


Geetha Ortac 5 years, 11 months ago

Really like this piece. Great to learn about the list of species in Singapore. Awesome stuff!

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