Open Science ( I like the FOSTERS definition) - the practice of science in such a way that others can collaborate and contribute, where research data, lab notes and other research processes are freely available, under terms that enable reuse, redistribution and reproduction of the research and its underlying data and methods.
[Slowly compiling this list, please send me info/links to any projects that should be on listed!]
Not just Biology...
The Clipperton Project
An organization that is seeking to engage and empower people to be good citizens through science expeditions, explorations and education. They work across boundaries, so far in 30 different countries, to gather scientific data to be published in peer-reviewed journals. This Sept 2015, they will be in the Peruvian Amazon.
Living Health Project
A peer to peer collaboration to understand health by scientific inquiry in real time on an open and permissionless network. The project is starting with one wearable device, one open source moble application and uses the LKN(Living Knowledge Network) test protocol to validate all the science used. The project is looking for volunteers to join the collaboration.
National Geographic Citizen Science Projects and links
The 2 main Nat Geo projects are the Great Nature Project and FieldScope. Most of the other projects are based in the U.S.
This site is for everyone to find, join, and contribute to science through more than 1600 formal and informal research projects, events and tools. You can track your contributions, bookmark things you like, and access the tools and instruments needed to get started. We like: Globe at Night to raise awareness about light pollution.
The Zooniverse has a range of citizen science projects in Humanities, Biology, Physics, Space, Climate and Nature. Some of my favourites are the Worm Watch Lab for behavioural genetics studies and Penguin Watch!
Understanding ocean health
Using The SmartPhin
Surfers "could be turned into citizen scientists simply by installing a tiny sensor in their surfboard’s fin. Thompson’s SmartPhin collects data on temperature, salinity, pH, and location as the surfer paddles around the ocean and catches waves. When the surfer gets out of the water, the data is uploaded wirelessly to his or her smartphone through a Bluetooth connection and then to servers."
Be a Citizen Oceanographer with Indigo V Expeditions
Help to gather information on using a device designed by Indigo V Expeditions that "contains all the instrumentation needed to collect biological samples and to measure physical parameters like temperature, conductivity and depth, as well as weather conditions."
Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/indigovexpeditions?fref=ts
Oceanography for Everyone
"The tools necessary to study, explore, and understand the ocean are often inaccessible to the vast majority of ocean users. By nurturing a community of open-source hardware developers, scientists, and ocean stakeholders, we want to change that.
Whether you're a researcher looking for alternatives to expensive scientific equipment, a citizen scientist interested in building a marine monitoring program, a fisherman exploring new tools to understand their catch, or an ocean enthusiast seeking new ways to interact with the sea, this community is for you."
Species monitoring and datasets
Biodiversity PEEK international educational program that places digital cameras in the hands of children and impoverished communities living near the endangered ecosystems their scientific team studies.
BugGuide.Net a knowledgebase of bugs from the United States and Canada for identification and research.
Cornell Lab of Ornithology At the forefront of citizen science since 1966, with several online projects enabling people to share and explore their data on birds such as eBird, Project FeederWatch, NestWatch, Celebrate Urban Birds, Great Backyard Bird Count and Yard Map.
Frog Watch Focusing on the endangered Malabar Tree Toad (Pedostibes tuberculosus), an Endemic Toad of the Western Ghat, this project collects sightings of this species to help map and understand its distribution and habitat requirement. Eventually, the activity will help in conservation of the species as well as its habitat. Sightings can be uploaded using the India Biodiversity Portal android or iOS app.
iNaturalist a mobile app (available for both Android and Apple) "to record what you see in Nature and to share with other Nature lovers"; findings are shared with scientific data repositories like the Global Biodiversity Information Facility to help scientists find and use the data. ~84000 species identified and 2 milions observations.
India Biodiversity Portal A unique repository of information on India's biodiversity. The Portal aims to provide open and free access to biodiversity information, and enable widespread participation by all citizens in contributing to and accessing information on Indian biodiversity.
iSpot a global site that crowdsources the identification of organisms shown in photographs submitted by participants. Half a million observations posted as of May 2015.
Jellywatch a site for recording sightings of jellyfish and other marine organisms.
Natural Cambodia a fantastic Facebook group with over 6000 members that was created to "celebrate and share photographs, expertise and information about the amazing flora and fauna of Cambodia." 99% of all species have been identified so far!
Nparks Garden Bird Count a citizen science initiative launched this month by Nparks (Singapore) to gather valuable information about birds. Anyone aged 12 and above can sign up and volunteer.
Open Air Laboratories (OPAL) Network a UK citizen science initiative running surveys on biodiversity as well as quality of air, water and soil.
Project Fauna ongoing collaborative effort by university researchers and the indigenous peoples of the Rupununi region of Guyana and the Raposa/Serra do Sol region of Roraima, Brazil to describe wildlife diversity and abundance and interactions between these elements and indigenous culture.
SharksCount empowering divers to log, count and identify the sharks that they see on their recreational dives using simple and fun tools.
Singapore Moths set up to document and catalog moth species found in Singapore, with a view to establishing the conservation status of each species.
Your Wild Life set up by a team of scientists in the U.S. to "explore biodiversity in our daily lives", the current mix of projects includes Belly Button Diversity, School of Ants and Cat Tracker.
Understanding Wildlife Trade
Citizen Science: Pet Lemurs in Madagascar a collaborative research program by the University of Utah (USA) and Temple University (USA) - to collect information on the ownership of pet lemurs in Madagascar from the general public over the past 20 years for conservation efforts.
Citizen Science Associations
European Citizen Science Association an association supported by organisations from over 17 EU countries and fields such as biological science, do-it-yourself approaches, environmental mapping and social sciences. Members represent a mixture of NGO’s, universities, research institutes, museums and other local and national Citizen Science groups. In addition ECSA nurtures a broad network of research organisations, policy and decision makers, civil society organisations, SMEs and other change makers worldwide that support our mission and activities.